|HOME||District Map||General Information of the District||District Court Details|
ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS
Capital : Port Blair
|Location : Bay of Bengal||920 to 940 East Longitude||6o to 14o North Latitude|
|Area||South Andaman District : 3106 Sq. Kms.|
|N & M Andaman District : 3302 Sq. Kms.|
|Nicobar District : 1841 Sq. Kms.|
|Total Area||8249 Sq. Kms.|
|No. of Islands : 572||Inhabited Islands - 38|
|Unhabited Islands - 534|
|No. of Districts : 3||South Andaman District|
|North & Middle Andaman District|
Parliamentary Constituency : One
Municipal Councils : One
Municipal Wards : Eighteen
Gram Panchayats : Sixty Seven
Panchayat Samities : Seven
Zilla Parishad : Two
Length & Breadth of Andaman Group of Islands: Total Length : 467 Kms (Maximum Width : 52 Kms, Average Width : 24 Kms)
Length & Breadth of Nicobar Group of Islands: Total Length : 259 Kms (Maximum Width : 58 Kms)
Villages: Revenue villages : 204, Census villages :547, Inhabited villages :501, Unhabited villages : 46
1. Name of the District:
2. Names of the sub-divisions, including Sadar:
3. Area in Sq.Km. of the District as a whole and its different sub-divisions:
Total area of Andaman & Nicobar Islands - 8,249 Sq. Kms.
South Andaman District - 3,106 Sq. Kms.
North & Middle Andaman District - 3,302 Sq. Kms.
Nicobar District - 1,841 Sq. Kms.
4. Population (total as well as Sub-division-wise): Total population - 3,56,152
South Andaman Sub-Division - 208471
Mayabunder Sub-Division - 62736
Diglipur Sub-Division - 42877
Car Nicobar Sub-Division - 20292
Nancowry Sub-Division - 13562
Campbell Bay Sub-Division - 8214
5. Literacy rate of males and females (total as well as sub-division wise):
South Andaman District - 155403
North & Middle Andaman District - 71197
Nicobar District - 26535
Total Male Literates - 146831
Total Female Literates - 106304
6. Police stations (total as well as sub-division wise):
South Andaman Sub-Division
Car Nicobar Sub-Division
|Campbell Bay Sub-Division|
7. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Mythologically, the name Andaman is presumed to be derived from Hanuman, who was known to the Malays as Handuman. Since pre-historic times, these islands were the home of aboriginal tribes. The tribes of the Andaman group of islands are the Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas and Sentinelese, all of Negrito origin, while the tribes of Nicobars are the Nicobarese and Shompens, both of Mongoloid stock. The first settlement in the islands by the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement which was basically a penal settlement, was taken up in 1858, after the first War of Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts including Moplas, some tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, Burma and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen. The islands no more carry the sobriquet of "Kala pani" and have become one of the most sought after destinations of the world.
These emerald Islands, blessed with natural beauty, 86% forest cover, world class beaches, undulating creeks, crystal clear water and unpolluted environment command the first place to visit for tourists. This archipelago of more than 572 islets and and islands with 37 inhabited islands stretches over a length of more than 700 kms. from North to South. The topography of the islands is hilly with exotic flora and fauna. The sandy beaches, fringed with coconut palms, and the sea around the island offer excellent scope for Adventure Water Sports and game-fishing. These green islands attract many nature-lovers, and bird-watchers from all over the world. Adventure tourism like trekking, island camping snorkeling, scuba diving etc. are the major attractions here.
Location Bay of Bengal
92º to 94º East Longitude
6º to 14º North Latitude
Capital Port Blair
Highest Peak Saddle Peak – 732 meters
Tropical and humid. Humid ranges between 70% to 90% with a gentle breeze blowing at all times. The weather is generally pleasant with a mean minimum temperature of 23ºC and mean maximum of 30ºC.
By Air: Port Blair is well connected with Chennai and Kolkata by Air. There is also a daily hopping flight of Jetlite linking Delhi with Port Blair via Kolkata. Presently flights are operated by Air India, Jet Airways, Jetlite and Kingfisher. The number of flights are increased during the peak tourist season based on demand. (Journey time: 2 Hrs.) Foreign tourist charter flights are also permitted to land at Port Blair subject to the fulfillment of guidelines of the Director General of Civil Aviation. The islands are also interconnected by helicopters operated by Pawanhans.
By Sea: Regular passenger ship services are available to Port Blair from Chennai, Kolkata and Vishakhapatnam. There are three to four sailings for Kolkata and Chennai one sailing for Vishakhapatnam every month.
Chennai – Port Blair : Journey time about 60 hrs.
Kolkata – Port Blair : Journey time about 66 hrs.
Vishakapatnam – Port Blair : Journey time about 56 hrs.
Cellular Jail – National Memorial
Cellular Jail constructed by Britishers in 1906 located at Port Blair, stands mute witness to the atrocities meted out to the freedom fighters, who were incarcerated in this jail. The name ‘Cellular’ was given as this jail is made up of individual cells for solitary confinement of the prisoners. Originally, it was a seven pronged building with central tower acting as its fulcrum and a massive structure comprising honey comb like corridors. This jail, now a place of pilgrimage for all freedom lovers, has been declared a ‘National Memorial’.
Once the seat of British power and capital of these Islands, it stands now as a ruin of the bygone days with the old structures almost in debris. A small museum named ‘Smritika’ holds photographs and other antiques of the Britishers relevant to these islands.
Notorious for chain gang punishment, this island was used as open jail for the convicts as well as freedom fighters by the Britishers prior to construction of the Cellular Jail. The jail at Viper Island was abandoned after the construction of Cellular Jail. It has a gallows atop a hillock, where condemned prisoners were hanged. Sher Ali, who killed Lord Mayo, the Viceroy of India in 1872, was also hanged here.
Chatham Saw Mill
The Chatham Saw Mill, one of the oldest and the largest Saw Mills in Asia, is built on a tiny island named Chatham and is connected to main Island by a bridge. It is a storehouse of timber like Padauk, Gurjan, Marble, Satin Wood, etc. This island has the second largest wharf of these islands and is near the Haddo Wharf.
Once the summer Head Quarters of the erstwhile Chief Commissioners during British Raj, this place is ideal for fascinating distant view of the other islands and the sea. It is the highest peak in the South Andamans. (365 meters high). One can trek upto Madhuban through a nature trail and can find rare endemic birds, animals and butterflies. Conducted tours to Mt. Harriet are available from Andaman Teal House.
Barren Island, having the only active volcano in India, has a big crater of the volcano, rising abruptly from the sea, about ½ km from the shore and is about 150 fathoms deep. Can be visited onboard vessels only. Administration is contemplating facilitating aerial view of volcano from helicopter/seaplane for tourists.
8. The distance of any of its sub-divisions from Kolkata and mode of transport/communication from Kolkata:
1255 Kms. from Kolkata to Port Blair
1190 Kms. from Chennai to Port Blair
1200 Kms. from Vishakhapatnam to Port Blair
9. Number of Courts (total as well as sub-division wise):
Total number of Courts in Andaman & Nicobar Islands
At Port Blair - 05
At Mayabunder - 02
At Campbell Bay - 01
At Nicobar - 01
10. Names of the Judicial Officers and their respective dates of posting in that particular station and if any court
is vacant, against it "Vacant to be written:
(as on 25.03.2011)
|Sl. No.||Name and Designation of the Judicial Officer||Date of Posting / if vacant, "Vacant Since"||Remarks||Contact Numbers|
Shri Shyamal Sengupta,
District & Sessions Judge, Anadaman & Nicobar Islands
Office : 03912-232353
Shri Sribash Chandra Das,
Additional District & Sessions Judge, Anadaman & Nicobar Islands
Shri Somesh Chandra Pal,
Chief Judicial Magistrate - cum - Civil Judge (Sr. Div.), Port Blair
Shri Ramesh Kumar Pradhan,
Chief Judicial Magistrate - cum - Civil Judge (Sr. Div.), Nicobar
Consequent upon his additional appointment as Joint Civil Judge (Sr. Div.), Andamans to be stationed at Port Blair he has joined at Port Blair on 18.02.2011
|5.||Chief Judicial Magistrate - cum - Civil Judge (Sr. Div.), North and Middle Andaman, Mayabunder||Vacant||
Court not yet started functioning as the administration has not yet provided any staff for the said court. Court can start functioning immediately if staff are provided
Shri Subrata Chatterjee,
Judicial Magistrate First Class - cum - Civil Judge (Jr. Div.), 1st Court, Port Blair
Shri Pijush Ghosh,
Judicial Magistrate First Class - cum - Civil Judge (Jr. Div.), 2nd Court, Port Blair
Shri Duri Venkata Srinivas,
Judicial Magistrate First Class - cum - Civil Judge (Jr. Div.), Mayabunder
|9.||Judicial Magistrate First Class - cum - Civil Judge (Jr. Div.), Campbell Bay||Vacant since 18.01.2011||Vacant after transfer of Shri Sanjay Kumar Sharma|
11. Particulars about the court building (sub-division wise)
|Name of Sub-Division||Details of Court Building including date of inauguration|
Building owned by the Judiciary. Inaugurated on 07.04.1975
Building owned by the Judiciary. Inaugurated on 14.02.1975
Building owned by the Judiciary. Inaugurated in a temporary building on 27.05.1999. Permanent Court building was constructed and inaugurated on 11.10.2004
|Campbell Bay||Building owned by the Judiciary. Inaugurated on 08.10.2001|
12. Names of different Offices of the Court:
Office of the Public Prosecutor / Additional / Assistant Public Prosecutors are housed in the Court buildings at each court complexes.
The following are the other offices housed in the building:
13. Particulars about accommodation for the Judicial Officers in a particular station (sub-division wise)
|Name of Sub Division||Accommodation Details|
|South Andaman District||
|North and Middle Andaman District||Judicial Magistrate First Class, Mayabunder is residing in a quarter owned by the judiciary.|
|Campbell Bay Sub-division||
Judicial Magistrate First Class, Campbell Bay was residing in a small type-III quarter owned by the judiciary.
The Chief Judicial Magistrate, Nicobar was residing in a small portion of the court building after renovation. The Court is now functioning at Port Blair.
14. Sanctioned strength and number of vacant posts of different categories of staff
(as on 25.03.2011)
|Categories||Sanctioned strength||Number of vacant posts|
|Stenographer Gr. - I||01||Nil|
|Stenographer Gr. - II||04||Nil|
|Head Comparing Clerk||01||Nil|
|LGC / Typist||14||04|
|Chowkidar / NG||04||Nil|
15. Pendency of cases (total in the District as well as court wise in the different categories of staff
|Sl. No.||Name and Designation of the Judicial Officer||Civil Cases||Sessions & Other Cases|
At Port Blair (as on 31.12.2010)
Court of District & Sessions Judge, A & N Islands
Court of Additional District & Sessions Judge, A & N Islands
Court of CJM - cum - Civil Judge Senior Division, Port Blair
Court of JMFC - cum -Civil Judge Junior Division, 1st Court, Port Blair
Court of JMFC - cum -Civil Judge Junior Division, 2nd Court, Port Blair
At Mayabunder (as on 31.12.2010)
|1.||Court of JMFC - cum -Civil Judge Junior Division, Mayabunder||88||4477|
At Nicobar (as on 31.12.2010)
|1.||Court of CJM - cum - Civil Judge Senior Division, Nicobar||--||22|
|2.||Court of JMFC - cum -Civil Judge Junior Division, Campbell Bay||04||26|
16. Particulars about District Legal Services Authority and Sub-Divisional Legal Services Committees
I. Andaman & Nicobar Islands District Legal Services Authority
District Judge, Andaman & Nicobar Islands - Chairman
Chairman, Zilla Parishad, Andaman & Nicobar Islands - Member
District Magistrate, South Andaman - Member
Superintendent of Police (District), South Andaman - Member
Govt. Pleader, Andaman & Nicobar Islands - Member
Superintendent, Juvenile Home, Port Blair - Member
Chief Judicial Magistrate, Port Blair - Secretary
II. South Andaman Taluka Legal Services Committee
Civil Judge (Sr. Div.), Port Blair - Ex-Officio Chairman
Pramukh Panchayat Samiti, Port Blair - Ex-Officio Member
Sub-Division Officer, South Andaman - Ex-Officio Member
Dy. S. P., South Andaman - Ex-Officio Member
III. North & Middle Andaman Taluka Legal Services Committee
Civil Judge (Jr. Div.), Mayabunder - Ex-Officio Chairman
Pramukh Panchayat Samiti, Mayabunder - Ex-Officio Member
Sub-Division Officer, Mayabunder - Ex-Officio Member
Dy. S. P., Mayabunder - Ex-Officio Member
IV. Car Nicobar Taluka Legal Services Committee
Civil Judge (Jr. Div.), Nicobar District - Ex-Officio Chairman
Sub-Division Officer, Car Nicobar - Ex-Officio Member
Dy. S. P., Car Nicobar - Ex-Officio Member
V. Nancowry Taluka Legal Services Committee
Civil Judge (Jr. Div.), Nicobar District - Ex-Officio Chairman
Pramukh Panchayat Samiti, Campbell Bay - Ex-Officio Member
Sub-Division Officer, Nancowry - Ex-Officio Member
Dy. S. P., Nancowry - Ex-Officio Member